By the time Shostakovich came to write his final and, in the event, longest song cycle in the 1974, he was mortally ill from the heart disease that would kill him the following year. His thought and music, from which death had never been far, had turned ineluctably to the transience and shortcomings of the human condition, expressed with most bitter eloquence in the song-cycle-style Fourteenth Symphony which through settings of Lorca and Rilke even hints at the welcome release of suicide. Infirmity had reduced his movement to a bare minimum, and so the last two symphonies, the late quartets and this song cycle are written with a great and imposed economy of means, in which large forces may still be employed but with a post-modernist, pointillist economy.
The poems that the composer selected from the recently published Russian translations of the poet by Avram Efros deal with the big issues: 'Truth', 'Love', 'Separation', 'Anger', 'Creativity', 'Death' and finally 'Immortality', in which threads of instrumental melody muse semi-abstractedly on the bass voice of the poet as he declaims what it is like to hope, and then to lose hope, all the more powerful for its expressive neutrality. Along with Peter Maxwell Davies's Black Pentecost, and ad ora incerta by Simon Bainbridge, the cycle is one of the great 'answers' to Das Lied von der Erde, in which Mahler's reflections on friendship and loneliness are answered with unsparing clarity, and the hindsight of the worldwide horrors that have come between them.
|| Michael Jurowsky
|| Wladimir Kasatchuk
|| Anatoli Babykin
|| Anatoli Kotscherga
|| Kölner Rundfunk Sinfonieorchester